The Puerta del Sol is Madrid’s most famous square. It is not only one of the symbols of the capital but also a meeting point of all Spaniards. The clock in the Puerta del Sol is responsible for indicating the chimes of new year to all Spain.
The square of Puerta del Sol has a semicircular shape and is the starting point of the most historic and busy streets of Madrid including the Calle Mayor, Arenal, Alcalá or Atlantico. In the center of the square you can find the plate of Kilometer Zero, marking the origin of the mileage of several national roads leaving Madrid.
Another iconic symbol of Madrid is the statue of the Bear and the arbutus Tree, one of the most well-known meeting points by locals and one of the entrances to the calle Preciados. At the other end, we find the entrance to the Calle Arenal, where the statue of Mariblanca and the equestrian statue of Carlos III.
The construction of what is now known as Puerta del Sol was carried out in several stages. It began with the construction of the post office in the mid eighteenth century accompanied by the urban modernization of Madrid by Carlos III. Much later, in the years 1857 and 1862 the square took its final shape with the construction of new buildings that gave the semicircular form we know today.
In 1959 the final arrangements were finished. They incorporated an area with garden and fountains in the center of the square. Years later the square turned into a pedestrian area and streetlights in “fernandino” style, which are symbol of Madrid, were installed.
The Puerta del Sol is the meeting point of people from Madrid. Its metro stop is one of the most important stops in Madrid and connects you to several lines. In addition, this square is the starting point of the nicest and most central streets of the capital.
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